Business in India
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Make in India Generic & Sector presentation

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  • Economy
  • Total Exports: US$ 155 billion  
  • Major export destinations: USA, UAE, China, Singapore, UK, Hong Kong, Germany, Italy, Belgium & Japan
  • Major export items:Petroleum Products, Gems & Jewelry, Cotton Garments, Cotton Yarn, Fabrics and Madeups, Machinery and Instruments, Drugs, Pharmaceuticals & Fine Chemicals, Manufactures of Metals, Transport Equipments, Primary & Semi-Finished Iron & Steel
  • Total imports: US$ 236 billion
  • Major import sources: China, Saudi Arabia, USA, Switzerland, UAE, Iran, Germany, Nigeria, Australia & Kuwait
  • Major import items: Petroleum (Crude & Products),  Electronic Goods , Gold, Machinery Except Electrical  & Electronic, Transport Equipments, Metalifers Ores & Metal Scrap, Pearls Precious Semiprecious Stones,  Iron & Steel, Organic Chemicals, Coal, Coke & Briquittes etc.
  • Foreign Direct Investment in India

India is one of the most attractive destinations in the world for foreign investment. The strength of India as an investment destination rests on its strong fundamentals, which include a large and growing market; world-class scientific, technical and managerial manpower; cost effective and highly skilled labour; abundant natural resources; a large English speaking population and an independent judiciary. This is now recognized by a number of global investors who have either already established a base in India or are in the process of doing so. Ongoing initiatives, such as further simplification of rules & regulations and improvement in infrastructure are expected to provide the necessary impetus for increasing FDI inflows in future. 
India is a fast-growing economy with a dynamic and robust financial system. While its size and growth potential make India attractive as a market, the most compelling reason for investors to be in India is that it provides a high Return on Investment (ROI). India is a free market democracy with a legal and regulatory framework that rewards free enterprise, entrepreneurship and risk taking.  This highly diversified economy has shown rapid growth and remarkable resilience since 1991, when economic reforms were initiated with the progressive opening of the economy to international trade and investment.  
India's foreign direct investment policy is liberal and investor friendly. FDI upto 100% is permitted on the automatic route in all sector/activities except the following:

  • Where more than 24% foreign equity is proposed to be inducted for manufacture of items reserved for small-scale sector;
  • Proposals where the foreign investor has an existing joint venture/technical collaboration/trademark agreement in the 'same' field of activity.
  • FDI is prohibited only in 4 activities viz. retail trading (except Single Branch product retailing); Gambling & Betting; Lottery and Atomic Energy.

The general policy and facilities for FDI are applicable to Non Resident Indians as well. In addition, Government has extended some additional facilities to NRIs, which include investment in the real estate and civil aviation sectors up to 100 per cent besides a bilateral investment regime on non-repatriation basis.

  • Invest India
www.mofpi.nic.in 

Sector-wise distribution of FDI inflows 
    %
1. Services sector (financial & non-financial)  20
2. Housing & real estates 12
3. Computer software/hardware    9
4. Telecommunications 8
5. Construction 8
6. Electrical equipments 5
7. Trading activities 4
8. Metallurgical industries  3.7
9. Mining 3.3
10. Automobile 2.6

Related links:
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion:  http://dipp.nic.in/ 
Secretariat for Industrial Assistance: http://siadipp.nic.in/policy/default.htm
  • Tourism
    India is set apart from the rest of Asia by the Himalayas, the highest, youngest and still evolving mountain chain on the planet.  India holds virtually every kind of landscape imaginable.  Nearly five thousand years back flourished India's first major civilisation along the Indus River valley.  From the eternal snows of the Himalayas to the cultivated peninsula of far South, from the deserts of the West to the humid deltas of the East, from the dry heat and cold of the Central Plateau to the cool forest foothills, Indian lifestyles clearly glorify the geography.  The Indian cuisine boasts of an immense variety.  Food in India is wide ranging in variety, taste and flavour.  India is also a land of a variety of linguistic communities, each of which shares a common language and culture.   In addition to 18 official languages, there are hundreds of thousands dialects that add to the vividness of the country.  Blessed with snow-clad peaks, crystal glaciers, rolling meadows and ski slopes, beautiful valleys, meandering and roaring rivers, gushing waterfalls, thick forests rich in wildlife, swampy deltas, long coastlines and magical moonscapes - India has something for everyone looking for adventure.

    Related Links:
    Ministry of Tourism: http://tourism.gov.in/
    Incredible India: http://www.incredibleindia.org/

  • Shipping

About 95% by volume and 70% by value of India's international trade is through the maritime transport. At present, there are 12 Major Ports, six each on the west and the east coast and about 45 non-major and private ports contributing to the maritime trade. These ports are spread along the country's long coastline of around 7517 Kms on the western and eastern shelves of the mainland and also along the islands.  The total volume of the traffic handled by all the Indian ports during 2004-05 was 521.58 million tonnes, of which 383.75 million tonnes i.e around 74 percent was handled by Major Ports and remaining 137.83 million tonnes by the non-major ports.  Government has taken initiative to expand facilities at some of the major ports through participation by foreign investors.

Major ports in India are located at ChennaiCochinEnnoreJawaharlal NehruKolkata  (including Haldia),  Haldia, Kandla,MarmugaoMumbaiNew Mangalore,  ParadipTuticorinVisakhapatanam.

Related Links:
Department of Shipping: http://shipping.gov.in/
The Shipping Corporation of India Ltd.: http://www.shipindia.com/newsite/default.asp

  • Major Indian banks
  • Reserve Bank of India - India's central bank.
    Bank of Baroda 
    Bank of India 
    Canara Bank 
    Export Import Bank of India 
    ICICI Bank 
    IDBI Bank 
    Indian Bank 
    Indian Overseas bank 
    Industrial Development Bank of India 
    Punjab National Bank 
    State Bank of India
    Syndicate Bank

  • Major Indian commercial organizations
  • Major Autonomous Bodies

    • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)
    • Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO)
    • Indian Diamond Institute
    • Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT)
    • Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA)

    Major Commodity Boards

    • Coffee Board, India
    • Rubber Board, India
    • Spices Board, India
    • Tea Board, India
    • Tobacco Board, India
  • Indian Export Promotion Councils
    • Basic Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics Export Promotion Council (CHEMEXCIL)
    • Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI)
    • Chemical and Allied Products Export Promotion Council (CAPEXIL)
    • Council for Leather Exports


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